According to the context in which it is used, the word emergency can refer to several issues.
On the one hand, the term emergency is often used by most people to refer to an out-of-control situation that developed as a result of a disaster.
Generally, we will face an authentic emergency situation when an unexpected event, eventual and very unpleasant alters the tranquility prevailing in a community can cause not only material damage and fatal victims, but also affect the social and economic structure of the society in question , but without this situation exceeding the response capacity that the same community can give to mitigate or minimize its effects.
Emergency situations are classified according to their severity, from lowest to highest:
• Emergency Conatus:
Emergency situation is understood as the situation that can be neutralized with the fire and emergency means available in the place where it is produced, by the personnel present at the incident site. In the event of an emergency, any worker should be able to carry out the following actions:
o Use the available means against fires and emergencies.
o Do not risk unnecessarily or cause a greater risk.
o Start the alarm by communicating with the emergency control center (CCE) by the means provided for it.
o Ask for help.
o Report the incident to the CCE.
• Partial emergency:
Partial emergency is understood as the situation that, unlike conatus, can not be immediately neutralized and forces the personnel present in the workplace to request the help of a more prepared control group that has better fire fighting means and emergencies In a partial emergency it is not foreseeable that other adjacent sectors will be affected.
Evacuation means the action of planned transfer of the people affected by an emergency from one safe provisional place to another, be it a safe refuge or a place of security. The evacuation can be considered in itself an emergency situation or, also, be part of one of the other three emergency situations (conatus, partial emergency or general emergency).
• General emergency:
A general emergency is understood as an emergency situation that exceeds the capacity of human and material resources against fires and emergencies established in the work center, and obliges to alter the entire habitual organization of the company, replacing it with an emergency one, and having to ask for help abroad. It will generally involve evacuations, either total or partial.